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Jacaranda Core Science Stage 4 NSW Australian Curriculum 2E LearnON & Print

Jacaranda Core Science Stage 4 NSW Australian Curriculum 2E LearnON & Print
Title information
Author/s
Arena
ISBN13 9780730347644
Pub date November 2017
Pages 760
RRP $94.95
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Jacaranda Core Science Stage 4 NSW Ac 2e learnON & Print
This combined print and digital title provides 100% coverage of the NSW Australian curriculum for Science.

The textbook comes with a complimentary activation code for learnON, the immersive digital learning platform that replaces eBookPLUS in 2018. With learnON, students enjoy:

  • media, such as videos and interactivities, directly embedded within the reading content (no more opening in a separate browser tab!)
  • the ability to personalise their digital title through notes, highlighting and favourites
  • interactive questions for every topic, with feedback for every question
  • a dashboard showing individual progress and results


For teachers, learnON includes additional teacher resources such as quarantined questions and answers, curriculum grids and work programs—no separate eGuide purchase is required.

To complement the Core Science series, assessON Core Science is available for Stage 4 and Stage 5.

About this book viii

Acknowledgements xi

1 Investigating 1

1.1 Overview 1

1.2 What do scientists do? 4

1.3 The science laboratory 7

1.4 Observing and inferring 14

1.5 Reporting on investigations 22

1.6 Designing investigations 29

1.7 Famous scientists 34

1.8 Project: An inspiration for the future 37

1.9 Review 39

2 Cells — the building blocks of life 46

2.1 Overview 46

2.2 Using a microscope 47

2.3 The right tool for the job 52

2.4 A whole new world! 55

2.5 Living things are made of cells 58

2.6 What a cell needs! 62

2.7 One cell or more? 68

2.8 Cells getting organized 71

2.9 Cells of all shapes and sizes 73

2.10 Focus on plants 76

2.11 Review 78

3 States of matter 83

3.1 Overview 83

3.2 What’s the matter? 85

3.3 The particle model 87

3.4 A solid performance 91

3.5 Going with the flow 94

3.6 Changing states 98

3.7 Density 105

3.8 Expansion and contraction 109

3.9 Under pressure! 113

3.10 Plasma — the fourth state of matter 116

3.11 Review 117

4 Classification 122

4.1 Overview 122

4.2 Why classify? 124

4.3 Is it alive? 127

4.4 Identification keys 132

4.5 Classifying small living things 135

4.6 Classification of animals using structural features 140

4.7 Meet the vertebrates 143

4.8 Surviving in the Australian environment 147

4.9 Classifying plants 151

4.10 Project: Snakes alive! 155

4.11 Review 156

5 Separating mixtures 160

5.1 Overview 160

5.2 Pure substances and mixtures 162

5.3 Looking for solutions 166

5.4 Mixing insoluble substances 170

5.5 Separate ways 172

5.6 Separating blood 176

5.7 Separating solutions 179

5.8 Down the S-bend 186

5.9 Fit to drink? 188

5.10 Project: The diamond flush 192

5.11 Review 193

6 The solar system 198

6.1 Overview 198

6.2 Voyage to the planets 200

6.3 A very important star 208

6.4 Rocks in space 211

6.5 The Earth in motion 214

6.6 The moon in motion 218

6.7 Lunar and solar eclipses 225

6.8 Early ideas in astronomy 228

6.9 Review 236

7 Forces in action 241

7.1 Overview 241

7.2 What are forces? 242

7.3 Friction 247

7.4 Magnetic forces 253

7.5 Electrostatic forces 261

7.6 Gravitational forces 267

7.7 Buoyancy and surface tension 273

7.8 Using technology to reduce the impact of forces 277

7.9 Review 281

8 Body systems 286

8.1 Overview 286

8.2 All systems go! 288

8.3 Taking in nutrients 292

8.4 The digestive system 298

8.5 Physical or chemical digestion? 302

8.6 Dietary deficiencies — one problem, many opinions 305

8.7 Breathe in, breathe out 309

8.8 Blood highways 314

8.9 Have a heart 318

8.10 Getting rid of waste 324

8.11 Bodies on the move 328

8.12 Review 333

9 The structure and properties of matter 338

9.1 Overview 338

9.2 The history of the atom 340

9.3 The structure of the atom 344

9.4 It’s elementary! 347

9.5 Grouping elements 351

9.6 Compounds 355

9.7 Making molecules 359

9.8 Polymers 362

9.9 Mixed-up metals 364

9.10 Carbon — the stuff of life 367

9.11 Project: Science TV 370

9.12 Review 372

10 The changing Earth 377

10.1 Overview 377

10.2 Solid rock 380

10.3 Fiery rocks 383

10.4 Wearing away 388

10.5 It’s sedimentary, Watson! 392

10.6 Time trapped in rocks 396

10.7 Rocky changes 400

10.8 Human-made erosion 404

10.9 Review 407

11 Energy 412

11.1 Overview 412

11.2 Energy transfers and transformations 414

11.3 Heat and temperature 420

11.4 Using electrical energy 430

11.5 Technological solutions to energy efficiency 444

11.6 Project: Going green 452

11.7 Review 454

12 Chemical changes 458

12.1 Overview 458

12.2 Time for a change? 460

12.3 Describing chemical changes 464

12.4 Faster and slower 468

12.5 Rusting is a chemical reaction 473

12.6 Feel the burn 476

12.7 Acids and bases 479

12.8 Acid rain 484

12.9 Review 489

13 From one to many 494

13.1 Overview 494

13.2 Multiplying by dividing 496

13.3 Out of control! 500

13.4 Plant parts 506

13.5 Leafy exchanges 510

13.6 The sex life of plants 516

13.7 Plants and parenthood 519

13.8 Plant research project 522

13.9 All about the birds and bees 526

13.10 Where do babies come from? 529

13.11 Womb with a view 534

13.12 Review 539

14 Earth’s precious resources 545

14.1 Overview 545

14.2 Nature’s resources 547

14.3 Extracting fossil fuels 550

14.4 Using fossil fuels 553

14.5 Make mine renewable 558

14.6 Mining for metals 560

14.7 Mining and the environment 563

14.8 Using metals 567

14.9 Avoid, re-use or recycle 570

14.10 Water world 574

14.11 Water management 577

14.12 Review 582

15 Ecology 587

15.1 Overview 587

15.2 A place to call home 589

15.3 Who’s hungry? 594

15.4 Caught in a web 596

15.5 Antarctica — the last frontier 599

15.6 Friendly microbes 606

15.7 Call in the decomposers 609

15.8 Extreme weather ahead 614

15.9 A fiery start 620

15.10 Using science to improve agricultural practices 624

15.11 Project: Small acts, big changes 630

15.12 Review 631

16 Health science 635

16.1 Overview 635

16.2 Looking for patterns to address health issues 637

16.3 Discovering germs 642

16.4 Germs all around us 646

16.5 A weapon against bacteria 649

16.6 A little knowledge goes a long way 653

16.7 Bacteria at your service 659

16.8 Replacement parts 663

16.9 Healthy careers 667

16.10 Review 671

17 Student research project and skills 675

17.1 Overview 675

17.2 Choosing a problem 677

17.3 Thinking about your problem 681

17.4 Organising your thinking 687

17.5 Research and record keeping 691

17.6 Designing your method 694

17.7 Presenting your results 699

17.8 Using technology: spreadsheets 707

17.9 Using technology: databases 709

17.10 Writing your report 712

17.11 Project: Bigger, better beans 715

17.12 Review 715

Glossary 719

Index 736