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Jacaranda Geoactive 2 NSW Australian Curriculum Geography Stage 5 Fourth Edition eBookPLUS & Print

Jacaranda Geoactive 2 NSW Australian Curriculum Geography Stage 5 Fourth Edition eBookPLUS & Print
Title information
Author/s
Swanson
ISBN13 9780730330271
Pub date December 2016
Pages 394
RRP $94.95
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Jacaranda will be publishing new digital editions of Jacaranda Geoactive 2 Stage 5 for the NSW Australian curriculum in 2017 for use in 2018. The title will be available as print (published in 2016) or a new eBook powered by learnON, the immersive digital learning platform that replaces eBookPLUS in 2018. Please visit the Jacaranda NSW Australian curriculum Geography page for more information.

Jacaranda Geoactive 2 NSW curriculum Geography Stage 5 4E eBookPLUS with Print provides comprehensive coverage of the new NSW Geography K-10 Syllabus.

Jacaranda’s unique, comprehensive reference resource SkillBuilder is fully integrated with the text, progressing student learning through a Tell me, Show me, Let me do it sequence.

Geoactive 2 is the second title in its series. To view the rest of the titles in this series, click here.

How to use this resource viii

About eBookPLUS xii

Acknowledgements xiii

Chapter 1 the world of Geography 2

1.1 overview 2

1.2 Geographical concepts 9

1.3 work and careers in Geography 16

1.4 Review 20

Chapter 2 Biomes 24

2.1 overview 24

2.2 what are biomes? 26

2.3 why are biomes different? 28

2.4 what are australia’s major biomes? 33

2.5 SkillBuilder: describing spatial relationships in thematic maps 35

2.6 How do we use the grassland biome? 36

2.7 Investigating topographic maps: How do coastal wetlands function in dalywoi Bay? 38

2.8 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing a transect on a topographic map 40

2.9 why are coral reefs unique? 40

2.10 How do we protect biomes? 42

2.11 Review 45

Chapter 3 Biomes produce food 46

3.1 overview 46

3.2 How can we feed the world? 48

3.3 what does the world eat? 50

3.4 SkillBuilder: Constructing ternary graphs 52

3.5 How does traditional agriculture produce food? 53

3.6 How have we increased our food? 56

3.7 How is food produced in australia? 58

3.8 what is a farming area like in riverina? 62

3.9 SkillBuilder: describing patterns and correlations on a topographic map 64

3.10 why is rice an important food crop? 64

3.11 why is cacao a special food crop? 69

3.12 Investigating topographic maps: daly river: a sustainable ecosystem? 69

3.13 Review 69

Chapter 4 Changing biomes 70

4.1 overview 70

4.2 How does producing food affect biomes? 72

4.3 How are biomes modifi ed for agriculture? 74

4.4 where have all the trees gone? 76

4.5 Investigating topographic maps: How has the riverina region been changed to produce food? 80

4.6 SkillBuilder: GiS — deconstructing a map 82

4.7 Paper profits, global losses? 82

4.8 Should we farm fish? 87

4.9 SkillBuilder: interpreting a geographical cartoon 91

4.10 what impacts does farming have on the lithosphere? 91

4.11 How does irrigation change the environment? 93

4.12 How is the hydrosphere altered by farming? 96

4.13 How does agriculture diminish biodiversity in biomes? 99

4.14 what impact does farming have on the atmosphere? 101

4.15 Review 103

Chapter 5 Challenges to food production 104

5.1 overview 104

5.2 How does water security affect food production? 106

5.3 How does pollution affect food production? 108

5.4 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing complex choropleth maps 110

5.5 How does land degradation affect food production? 110

5.6 How does a famine develop? 111

5.7 How does land use affect food production? 114

5.8 SkillBuilder: interpreting satellite images to show change over time 117

5.9 How is Sydney expanding? 118

5.10 How does climate change affect food production? 121

5.11 Investigating topographic maps: what can we eat from yarra yarra Creek Basin? 124

5.12 Review 124

Chapter 6 2050 — food shortage or surplus? 126

6.1 overview 126

6.2 Can we feed the future world population? 128

6.3 Can we improve food production? 131

6.4 what food aid occurs at a global scale? 135

6.5 Investigating topographic maps: How is Lake victoria a food source? 138

6.6 SkillBuilder: Constructing a box scattergram 140

6.7 do australians need food aid? 140

6.8 is trade fair? 144

6.9 SkillBuilder: Constructing and describing proportional circles on maps 146

6.10 How do dietary changes affect food supply? 147

6.11 Can urban farms feed people? 149

6.12 Review 151

Chapter 7 Geographical inquiry: Sustainable biomes 152

7.1 overview 152

7.2 inquiry process 152

7.3 Review 153

Chapter 8 urbanisation 156

8.1 overview 156

8.2 where do most australians live? 158

8.3 where have australians lived in the past? 160

8.4 what is urbanisation? 162

8.5 is australia an urbanised country? 165

8.6 SkillBuilder: Creating and reading pictographs 169

8.7 SkillBuilder: Comparing population profi les 169

8.8 How urban are the united States and australia? 170

8.9 How has international migration affected australia? 172

8.10 what are the causes and effects of indonesia’s urban explosion? 173

8.11 why are people on the move in australia? 176

8.12 why are people on the move in China? 179

8.13 Investigating topographic maps: urbanisation in albury–wodonga 182

8.14 Review 182

Chapter 9 the rise and rise of urban settlements 184

9.1 overview 184

9.2 where are the world’s cities? 186

9.3 SkillBuilder: describing photographs 188

9.4 SkillBuilder: Creating and reading compound bar graphs 188

9.5 why do people move to urban areas? 189

9.6 How do urban areas affect people’s ways of life? 194

9.7 SkillBuilder: Constructing a basic sketch map 197

9.8 where are the world’s megacities located? 197

9.9 what are the characteristics of cities in South america? 201

9.10 Investigating topographic maps: what is the city of São Paulo like? 204

9.11 what are the characteristics of cities in the united States? 206

9.12 what are the characteristics of cities in europe? 208

9.13 How do people shape places in australia? 211

9.14 How can cities become sustainable? 215

9.15 Review 215

Chapter 10 Planning australia’s urban future 216

10.1 overview 216

10.2 what do sustainable cities look like? 218

10.3 are there sustainable cities in australia? 220

10.4 are growing urban communities sustainable? 224

10.5 SkillBuilder: reading and describing basic choropleth maps 226

10.6 Should we manage our suburbs? 227

10.7 How can we manage traffi c? 229

10.8 SkillBuilder: drawing a line graph using excel 231

10.9 welcome to Sustainaville 231

10.10 where are the world’s sustainable cities? 232

10.11 Can we plan to ‘live vertically’? 232

10.12 is auroville a sustainable community? 234

10.13 How do we plan for a liveable future? 234

10.14 Review 237

Chapter 11 Geographical inquiry: investigating asian megacities 238

11.1 overview 238

11.2 inquiry process 238

11.3 Review 239

Chapter 12 introducing environmental change and management 242

12.1 overview 242

12.2 How do environments function? 244

12.3 what are the lithospheric processes that form and transform environments? 245

12.4 what are the biospheric processes that form and transform environments? 247

12.5 what are the hydrological and atmospheric processes that form and transform environments? 249

12.6 How do people’s worldviews affect the use of environments? 250

12.7 SkillBuilder: evaluating alternative responses 252

12.8 why do environments change? 252

12.9 what is sustainable management? 256

12.10 what is an ecological footprint? 258

12.11 Investigating topographic maps: How is Jindabyne affected by environmental change? 260

12.12 SkillBuilder: drawing a futures wheel 262

12.13 is climate change heating the earth? 262

12.14 Can we slow climate change? 265

12.15 How can we reduce the impact of climate change? 265

12.16 Review 265

Chapter 13 Land environments under threat 266

13.1 overview 266

13.2 why does land degrade? 268

13.3 what is land degradation? 270

13.4 SkillBuilder: interpreting a complex block diagram 274

13.5 where has the soil gone? 275

13.6 why are drylands drying up? 277

13.7 How do we manage land degradation? 278

13.8 Investigating topographic maps: How do we manage land degradation in the Parwan valley? 282

13.9 who are the invaders? 284

13.10 would you like salt with that? 288

13.11 How do we deal with salinity? 290

13.12 SkillBuilder: writing a fieldwork report as an annotated visual display (avd) 290

13.13 How do indigenous communities manage the land? 291

13.14 Review 293

Chapter 14 inland water — dammed, diverted and drained 294

14.1 overview 294

14.2 what is inland water? 296

14.3 dam it? 298

14.4 do we have to dam? 303

14.5 SkillBuilder: Creating a fishbone diagram 307

14.6 is fighting worth a dam? 308

14.7 what happens when we divert water? 310

14.8 why is groundwater shrinking? 312

14.9 why is China drying up? 314

14.10 Investigating topographic maps: why do we drain wetlands? 318

14.11 SkillBuilder: reading topographic maps at an advanced level 320

14.12 How can we put water back? 320

14.13 Review 323

Chapter 15 managing change in coastal environments 324

15.1 overview 324

15.2 How are coastal landforms created? 326

15.3 How do deposition and erosion change coasts? 328

15.4 What are the human causes of coastal change? 331

15.5 Why did environmental change in the Tweed impact the Gold Coast? 333

15.6 How do inland activities affect coasts? 335

15.7 SkillBuilder: Comparing aerial photographs to investigate spatial change over time 337

15.8 Investigating topographic maps: What are the consequences of coastal change in Merimbula? 338

15.9 Why are low-lying islands disappearing? 340

15.10 How do we manage coastal change? 343

15.11 SkillBuilder: Comparing an aerial photograph and a topographic map 346

15.12 How do coastal areas change? 346

15.13 Review 348

CHAPTER 16 Marine environments — are we trashing our oceans? 350

16.1 Overview 350

16.2 What are the natural processes that affect oceans? 352

16.3 What are the causes of marine pollution? 354

16.4 What are the consequences of marine pollution? 356

16.5 SkillBuilder: Using geographic information systems(GIS) 360

16.6 Where does oil in the sea come from? 361

16.7 The world’s worst oil spill? 361

16.8 What is the solution to marine pollution? 361

16.9 How can marine pollution be managed? 361

16.10 How can individuals manage marine pollution? 363

16.11 How are ghost nets managed? 365

16.12 SkillBuilder: Describing change over time 365

16.13 Investigating topographic maps: How has coral bleaching affected Lizard Island? 366

16.14 Review 366

CHAPTER 17 Sustaining urban environments 368

17.1 Overview 368

17.2 How do urban environments develop? 370

17.3 How do cities change the environment? 372

17.4 Why do urban areas decline? 375

17.5 What are the challenges for fast-growing cities? 377

17.6 SkillBuilder: Constructing a land use map 380

17.7 SkillBuilder: Building a map with geographic information systems (GIS) 380

17.8 Has Melbourne sprawled too far? 381

17.9 Investigating topographic maps: How has urban sprawl affected Narre Warren? 384

17.10 Can we stop Venice from sinking? 386

17.11 What is the future of our urban environment? 387

17.12 Review 389

CHAPTER 18 Geographical inquiry: Developing an environmental management plan 390

18.1 Overview 390

18.2 Inquiry process 390

18.3 Review 391

TOPIC 4 HUMAN WELLBEING

CHAPTER 19 Human wellbeing and development 394

19.1 Overview 394

19.2 What is wellbeing? 396

19.3 SkillBuilder: Constructing and interpreting a scattergraph 398

19.4 How do we measure development? 398

19.5 What are quantitative indicators? 401

19.6 What are qualitative indicators? 403

19.7 SkillBuilder: Interpreting a cartogram 405

19.8 What are some trends in wellbeing — health? 406

19.9 What are some trends in wellbeing — malaria and TB? 408

19.10 What are some trends in wellbeing — sustainability? 411

19.11 Investigating topographic maps: Is Norway the best place on Earth? 414

19.12 Review 415

CHAPTER 20 Spatial variations in human wellbeing 416

20.1 Overview 416

20.2 What are the spatial variations between countries? 418

20.3 What are the spatial variations within countries? 420

20.4 SkillBuilder: Using Excel to construct population profiles 422

20.5 What are the internal reasons for variations? 422

20.6 What are the external reasons for variations? 424

20.7 What are the consequences of spatial variations for the middle class? 426

20.8 How does population affect development and wellbeing? 428

20.9 How does gender affect wellbeing? 430

20.10 SkillBuilder: How to develop a structured and ethical approach to research 433

20.11 Investigating topographic maps: What is wellbeing like in Japan and Kenya? 434

20.12 Review 434

Chapter 21 Human wellbeing in Australia 436

21.1 Overview 436

21.2 What are Australia’s population characteristics? 438

21.3 What are some rural–urban variations within Australia? 440

21.4 What are some variations in wellbeing in Sydney? 443

21.5 SkillBuilder: Using multiple data formats 445

21.6 Is everybody equal? 445

21.7 SkillBuilder: Understanding policies and strategies 447

21.8 What influences wellbeing for people with disabilities? 448

21.9 Investigating topographic maps: What influences wellbeing in Darwin? 450

21.10 Review 450

Chapter 22 Improving human wellbeing 452

22.1 Overview 452

22.2 What can governments do to improve human wellbeing? 454

22.3 What can non-government organisations do to improve human wellbeing? 456

22.4 What can I do to improve human wellbeing? 458

22.5 How can we improve wellbeing for Indigenous Australians? 459

22.6 SkillBuilder: Debating like a geographer 461

22.7 How can wellbeing be improved in Brazil? 461

22.8 Investigating topographic maps: How do people in Albury–Wodonga improve wellbeing? 462

22.9 SkillBuilder: Writing a geographical essay 464

22.10 Review 464

Chapter 23 Fieldwork inquiry: Comparing wellbeing in the local area 466

23.1 Overview 466

23.2 Inquiry process 466

23.3 Review 467

Glossary 469

Index 475

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