Nature of Biology Book 2 4E & eBookPLUS

Nature of Biology Book 2 4E & eBookPLUS
Title information
Author/s
Kinnear
ISBN13 9781118389157
Pub date October 2012
Pages 712
RRP $89.95
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The fourth editions of the Nature of Biology series have been revised and enhanced to specifically include the latest 2012 VCAA study design updates. Clear and easy-to-read explanations, detailed diagrams, and Quick-check questions throughout the chapters check and extend student understanding in line with VCE outcomes. Nature of Biology Book 2 (Units 3 & 4) includes references to studyON VCE Biology, Jacaranda’s online tool, which features past VCAA exam questions, instant feedback, a progress tracker, videos and animations. studyON VCE Biology is designed to help maximise study, revision and exam practice for students.
 
Student text features:
 • The latest VCAA study design updates
 • studyON VCE Biology references to the online study, revision and exam practice tool
 • Videos, animations and interactivities
 • A wealth of weblinks
 • Highlighted text to help students identify the key concepts on each page


Nature of Biology Book 2 4E eBookPLUS is an electronic version of the textbook and a complementary set of targeted digital resources. These flexible and engaging ICT activities are available to you online at the jacarandaPLUS website (www.jacplus.com.au).

Your eBookPLUS resources include:
 • interactive activities and a wealth of ICT resources
 • Word documents designed for easy customisation and editing
 • HTML links to other useful support material on the internet
 
 

Click to view Nature of Biology Book 2 4E eBookPLUS.

 View Maths Quest Value Packs Click here to view a Nature of Biology Book 2 4E Value Pack.

Preface x
About eBookPLUS xi
Acknowledgements xii

UNIT 3 SIGNATURES OF LIFE
Area of study 1 Molecules of life

Chapter 1. The chemical nature of cells 2
Phar Lap: cause of death? 3
Water: a unique compound 6
Organic molecules 9
Carbohydrates — energy rich 11
Biology in the workplace 16
Proteins 18
Lipids 24
Nucleic acids 26
Biology in the workplace 30
Biochallenge 31
Chapter review 32

Chapter 2. Membranes and cell organelles 35
Life or death for a cell? 36
Biology in the workplace 39
Looking at eukaryotic cells 40
Putting the organelles together 54
The cell skeleton 55
Connections between cells: animal cells 55
Connections between cells: plant cells 57
Biochallenge 60
Chapter review 61

Chapter 3. Biochemical processes in cells 65
Energy in a capsule? 66
Chemical energy in organic compounds 67
Enzyme action 69
Exploring photosynthesis 74
Stages of photosynthesis 77
Putting photosynthesis together 79
Cellular respiration: energy transfer from glucose to ATP 82
Two types of cellular respiration 83
Aerobic respiration: making ATP in the
presence of oxygen 85
Energy needs of various tissues 89
PET images: assessing damage to heart muscle 91
Making ATP without oxygen: anaerobic respiration 92
Biologist at work 94
What happens during starvation? 96
Biochallenge 99
Chapter review 100

Chapter 4. Molecular biology in medical diagnosis 103
Molecular biology — the beginning 104
Detecting an enzyme deficiency: PKU 104
Medical diagnosis : prenatal testing 110
Medical diagnosis: testing after birth 112
Rational drug design 113
Developing vaccines 116
Biologist at work 120
Biologist at work 122
Manufacturing proteins for specific purposes 122
Biochallenge 127
Chapter review 128
Area of stu dy 2 Detecting and responding

Chapter 5. Coordination and regulation: endocrine systems 132
Death at sea 133
External and internal environments 134
Homeostasis: keeping within limits 136
Homeostasis: hormones in action 139
Cell communication 143
Pheromones 148
Hormones as plant regulators 150
Biochallenge 160
Chapter review 161

Chapter 6. Coordination and regulation: nervous systems 165
A bundle of nerves 166
Biology in the workplace 168
The nervous system 169
Nerve cells 171
Nerve cells communicate with other cells 174
The central nervous system 182
Nerve action and hormone action: a comparison 186
Homeostasis: nerves and hormones acting together 188
Biochallenge 194
Chapter review 195

Chapter 7. Infection and disease 197
A plague of plagues 198
What is a disease? 201
Pathogens — noncellular agents 202
Another noncellular pathogen — viruses 205
Pathogens — cellular agents: bacteria 211
Biology in the workplace 219
Treatment of bacterial diseases 220
New techniques for detecting bacteria 222
Bacteria and plant infections 223
Eukaryotic pathogens 223
Multicelled organisms 224
Sexually transmitted diseases 231
Control against pathogens 232
Biologist at work 236
Biochallenge 238
Chapter review 239

Chapter 8. Immunity: defence against disease 243
Vaccine against papilloma virus 244
Immunity 245
Nonspecific immunity 245
Specific immunity 249
Biologist at work 257
Biologists at work 260
Acquiring specific immunity 262
Eradicating a disease by vaccination 264
Adverse events associated with immunity 268
Biochallenge 277
Chapter review 278

UNIT 4 CONTINUITY and CHANGE
Area of study 1 Heredity

Chapter 9. Genes, chromosomes and patterns of inheritance 284
The genetic lottery 285
Biologist at work 288
Chromosomes: gene carriers 289
Meiosis: diploid to haploid 300
Genes: inherited instructions 304
Alleles: particular forms of a gene 307
Identifying genotypes 310
Relationship between expression of alleles 312
Environmental interactions with genotypes 316
Rules of the genetic game 319
What about linked genes? 323
Family pedigrees: drawing genetic portraits 326
Biochallenge 331
Chapter review 332

Chapter 10. Nature, structure and organisation of the genetic material 337
In a monastery garden 338
Where are genes located? 343
What are genes made of? 346
Nature of genes 349
Analysing DNA 349
DNA forms a double helix 351
Relating DNA to chromosomes and genes 354
Gene structure 356
Gene sequencing 357
Nature of the genetic code 360
What is a genome? 362
Biologist at work 368
Genetic material: stable or changing? 369
A closer look at a gene 372
Biochallenge 378
Chapter review 379

Chapter 11. Gene function: genes in action 383
Sea in the blood 384
Genes in action 387
Transcription: copying the original 388
Translation: decoding genetic instructions 391
Comparing prokaryotes and eukaryotes 395
Gene action in thalassaemia 397
All genes produce RNA . . . most then produce protein 400
Genes have various functions 400
Self-replication: copying itself 402
Time and place for everything 406
Switching genes off 409
Biochallenge 415
Chapter review 416

Chapter 12. Manipulating DNA: tools and techniques 421
Murders at Ekaterinberg 422
Tools of the genetic engineer 425
Find and multiply 430
Gene transfer between species 434
DNA technology in medicine 436
DNA technology in forensics 440
DNA profiling in Australia 446
DNA profiles are not just for people! 451
Identification in mass disasters 457
DNA and paternity testing 457
Biologist at work 458
Biochallenge 460
Chapter review 462
Area of stu dy 2 Change over time

Chapter 13. Population genetics 468
How now, red fowl! 469
Causes of variation 475
Inherited variations 478
Mutation: source of new genetic variation 481
Genes in populations 483
Change agents in populations 485
Migration as an agent of change 490
Chance as an agent of change 491
Subspecies and species 492
Biologist at work 493
Studying populations using mtDNA 495
Migrations in human prehistory 498
Biochallenge 500
Chapter review 501

Chapter 14. Evolution: changes over time 505
Species: unchanging or not? 506
The Darwin–Wallace view 506
Time scales in evolution 515
Organising the past: the geologic time scale 517
How old is it? 519
Evidence of evolution 523
Biology in the workplace 530
The ‘molecular clock’ concept 543
Patterns of evolution 545
Speciation 552
Evolution: gradual or intermittent? 552
Extinction 553
Evolutionary relationships 554
Biochallenge 558
Chapter review 559

Chapter 15. Hominin evolution 565
Fossil 1: The child from Taung 566
Fossil 2: Lucy from Afar 569
Classification of the human species 572
Evolution of the primates 579
Hominin evolution: where did it begin? 581
Hominins: when did they live? 583
The hominin fossil family 584
The genus Homo: human at last! 591
Geologist at work 594
Views of human evolution 602
Out of Africa or not? 603
Changing lifestyles of H. sapiens 604
Changes in human population 607
Human biological evolution 607
Human cultural evolution 610
Technological evolution 612
Biology, culture and technology interact 614
Biochallenge 617
Chapter review 618

Chapter 16. Human intervention in evolution 621
Lambs in spring 622
Selective breeding in action 623
Technologies in selective breeding 626
Genetic impact of selective breeding 630
No sex at all! Cloning 635
Transferring genes between species 640
Gene therapy or gene transfer 643
Stem cells: a new approach 645
Genetic screening 650
Technology in human reproduction 651
Biochallenge 658
Chapter review 659

Appendix: The genetic code 662
Glossary 663
Index 683

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